It is estimated that around 12 million Thais may be out of employment due to robots and the use of dehumanized smart systems by companies in the coming 20 years. When this happens, a third of the total 37 million working population will be out of jobs.
According to a recent study conducted by QLF or Quality Learning Foundation together with WB or World Bank and DPU or Dhurakij Pundit University, employees that only have the basic skills in terms of administrative and office works will be the ones at risk in losing their job when the Industry 4.0 is implemented. Industry 4.0 is also known as the fourth industrial revolution of the world.
The study has also included that there will be new and more advanced technologies that will dominate all the industries including robotics, 3D printing, AI or artificial intelligence and nanotechnology. There will be other demands for human skills, on the other hand, especially those that specialize in computer engineering and mathematics.
According to a speech made by the Dean of the Faculty of Economics in Dhurakij Pundit University, Kiatanan Luankeaw, in a forum entitled “How Thai Education Should Prepare for Thailand 4.0”, the way people used to work will be changed following the fourth industrial revolution. It is expected that some jobs will no longer exist while other will increase in demand. There will be new job titles and positions that are not currently available nowadays and they will be the new norm.
Mr. Kiatanan also added that the top three skills that industries will be looking for in an employee is ability to solve complex problems, critical way of thinking and creativity. With the coming of new products and technologies as well as new methods of working, it is important for a worker to be creative in order to adapt from all the changes.
The problem lies not with the jobs in Bkk but with the education system in Thailand as the students and soon to be workers are only designed in a work environment with Industry 2.0 when in fact many countries are already training their students with Industry 3.0. It is important to improve the education system and retrain workers to be more competitive.